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:Superior trimmer ingredients

The main constituents of the superior trimmer are calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, and thioglycollate. These substances break down creatine, which is the
mainingredient in hair. Shaving powders are one of the easiest ways to get rid of excess hair.
 

:Odorless shaving powder

Shaving powder is in fact the same obligation or light that people use to remove excess body hair. In the composition of this powder, lime is used, which has many properties for the body. In fact, when using shaving powder, a person is undergoing chemotherapy. It should be noted that the superior odorless shaving powder, unlike
other brands, is completely odorless and literally has no odor.
 

:Benefits of using superior odorless shaving powder

  •  Has skin whitening properties
  • Removing excess body hair and their undergrowth
  •  It has anti-cancer properties that act like chemotherapy and include eliminating diseases
  •  Easy to use
  •  Not painful and effective
  •  Being economical
  • Usability for all body parts
  •  Thinning hair
  •  Removing excess hair in a short time
  •  Prevention of breast cancer, leukemia and skin cancer
  •  Effective in slimming treatment
  •  Relieve discouragement and anxiety
  •  Strengthen the body
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Superior trimmer has anti-cancer properties that act like chemotherapy. Superior trimmer also cures diseases.
Superior shaving powder is the highest quality shaving powder in Iran now, which in terms of quality is far superior to Isan and Roider powders that are made in the country, like its own brand, which will soon export its products abroad.
 Sharpeners and trimmers, which are hygienic powders, are less used today than superior trimmers.
 

:Properties of shaving powder

  •  It only works in three minutes
  •  It is odorless
  •  Its ingredients are 100% natural and have no skin side effects and are harmless
  •  Eliminates all skin fungi that grow in wet areas of the body. Only shaving powder can kill such microscopic fungi
  •  It makes the skin of the body very soft
  •  Makes the skin fresh and refreshing
  • The use of shaving powder causes the hair to grow smoothly and unilaterally, and during growth it will not have any problems such as pimples and germination, if the use of tools such as razors splits the hair into two branches and causes pimples and It is sown
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:The best way to use shaving powder

  • Pour the mower into a container and add some lukewarm water to it. Be careful not to have too much water because the medicine loses its properties
  •  Get the medicine in a soft and uniform paste
  •  When the medicine and water are thoroughly mixed, they turn light green
  •  Then apply the medicine on the hairy areas and smooth it
  • The performance of Isan, Rovider and Vajbin is relatively similar to the trimmer, but the superior trimmer has a much higher quality
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:A few important and necessary points of Rajab observing the hygiene of superior shaving powder

  •  When buying the best shaving powder, get it from the store or pharmacy and pay attention to the health label on the hygienic powder and the expiration date of the shaving powder.
  • Odorless shaving powder is one of the easiest ways to remove excess hair that cleans the surface of the skin and causes it to grow slowly.
  • When buying shaving powder, be sure to pay attention to odorless without it, superior odorless shaving powder does not create any unpleasant odor and can be easily used in apartment bathrooms.
  • Be sure to wash all your body with a soft balm and body shampoo after using odorless shaving powder, do not dry all the hygienic powder materials on your body.
  • The prices offered for superior odorless shaving powder are reasonable and can be easily purchased in online markets in detail and in bulk. Preparing superior odorless hygienic powder from reputable internet sites is a very common and popular method.
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  • Superior odorless shaving powder, in addition to removing excess hair, also has antiseptic properties, and repeated use of shaving over time not only does not cause darkening of the skin, but if the skin is darkened by the use of razors and razors, use a single-layer sharpener. Peeled from the skin and the skin becomes radiant, white and fresh.
  • So far, there has been no report on skin allergies if you use superior hygienic powders, so superior shaving powder can be easily used for sensitive skin
  •  Before using light, the body must be dry.
  •  Be sure to mix the superior odorless shaving powder with a suitable amount of lukewarm water to speed up the chemical reactions, apply the resulting paste on thebodyand then wash the area for 3 to 5 minutes, before washing with a spatula to remove hair Make sure.
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:Optional powder is a special chemical compound used at home to remove excess hair

The obligatory powder composition includes the following: 65% calcium bicarbonate  Ca(HCO3)2 and 25% arsenic sulfide (As2S3) and 10% lime and moisture, the chemical process of which is as follows
 CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O → Ca (HCO3)2
 Ca (OH) 2 + CO2 → CaCO3 + H2O
Both arsenic (acid) and lime (alkali) salts are corrosive, which is why their combination is highly corrosive. Because arsenic is toxic, it is considered a toxic cosmetic
In the new design obligatory powders, sulfide or barium sulfate is used as an alternative to arseni
In addition to its cleansing and disinfecting properties, Noreh contains an extraordinary substance that is used in the treatment of cancer. Nora contains arsenic, lime and arsenic, all of which have good properties and not only help to soften and hydrate the skin. Rather, they are effective in relieving joint pain, reducing body moisture and removing varicose veins.
The most important property of light is the increase of the adrenal gland, which means the enlargement of the adrenaline gland, on which adrenaline strengthens the body and on which the body is based.
Because Noura cures soda, it cures diseases of soda origin, and one of the soda cures is to continue consuming Noura.
When light is placed under the armpits, the light in the eyes increases, the shoulders become stronger, and women do not get breast cancer, because soda is drained from that area.
In many narrations, much emphasis has been placed on the frequent use of light, especially the type of use. This medicine is recommended by Imam Reza PBUH to be taken through the skin and smelling while using it. That is, when using the obligatory, rub some of it on the tip of your nose and smell itAlso, use the obligatory in a small and cool environment to smell the light and enter the blood and body through the smell.The main therapeutic property of Noreh is due to the presence of arsenic in it, which unfortunately today this substance is separated from it in factories and exported abroad. The same substance is chemically used abroad to prepare an anti-cancer drug called arsenic trioxide, and again we import it into the country at a high cost. In fact, the use of Noreh is a kind of healthy and natural chemotherapy without side effects.
Due to its alkaline nature, shaving powder prevents the growth of bacteria, fungi and skin microbes in the used areas of the body.
How superior shaving powder works:
The structure of hair is made up of creatine. Creatine fibers are like intertwined yarns that have disulfide bonds that form a chain.
Shaving powder in contact with hair breaks down these disulfide bonds intercellularly.
As a result, the hair strands are easily separated from the hair follicles and the chemicals in the trimmer, superior trimmer, trimmer powder, hygienic powder, raised trimmer, sharpener, duty and light cause the weak parts of these bonds to weaken and these hairs to dissolve. . These compounds are thoroughly washed off with water and removed from the skin.
Unlike wax or waxing, which separates the hair from the roots, obligatory powders use chemicals to separate the hair.
The active ingredients in shaving powders are
 

Thioglycolic acid salts: potassium or calcium

A base of calcium: potassium or sodium hydroxide

 
The chemical in the superior trimmer causes the hair shaft to swell or open. This helps chemical salts enter the hair and breaks down the bonds that cause the hair fibers to stick together.
A laboratory study has shown that shaving powders and hygienic powders do not work on fibers such as cotton, polyester, etc., because their natural and synthetic fibers do not contain sulfur bonds. Therefore, superior shaving powders, sharp shaving, obligatory and light shaving powders that are used to remove excess hair do not
damage your clothes and there is no need to worry.
Shaving powders or sharpeners usually work for 3 to 5 minutes. Shaving powder, hygienic powder, wash the proposed shaver with a cleanser, preferably water, depending on the product, the recommended time to wait on the product, then wipe or wash your hair.
 

:Advantages of using shaving powder or obligatory powder

The advantages of using superior trimmers, hygienic powders, sharpeners, trimmers compared to other hygienic products are their ease and constant availability
Top shavers, hygienic powders, sharpeners, quick and easy shavers are available, they are available in most pharmacies, grocery stores.
 
Superior shavers are painless health powders. They are also safer and easier to shave. Superior shavers are easier than anything else
In addition to using shaving powder, superior shaving, hygienic powder, shaving powder and sharp are an easy way to achieve smooth skin, they are cheaper than waxing or waxing or removing excess hair with laser, also using superior shaving faster and easier There is also detachment.
 

:Effect and shelf life of hygienic powder

  • With a superior trimmer and a trimmer, you can get rid of excess hair for up to a week or a month, of course, depending on the growth rate of each person's body hair and short and thick
  • The use of a superior and sharp trimmer on the hair shaft removes not the hair roots, which is similar to shaving
  • If you are in the habit of shaving every week, you must use a superior shaver every week
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 :Complications of waxing

In some cases, if the waxing is not done properly and accurately, the capillaries under the skin may rupture due to the intensity of the skin stretching and mild subcutaneous bleeding, bruising and darkening of the skin may occur after waxing. If the use of hygienic powder or superior trimmer does not have such side effects
The cause of subcutaneous hair in most people is waxing.
 

:Complications of hand and foot waxing

 
  • It is painful: Although some people have a higher resistance, but some people really have severe pain when waxing
  • Red spots on the skin: Waxing causes redness on the skin and it takes a long time to remove this redness from the skin
  •  Waxing causes skin allergies: Most women are allergic to the ingredients in waxing, which can lead to severe skin allergies that leave even blemishes on the skin

:Diseases transmitted through waxing

If you share waxing products with other clients, you are more likely to get skin diseases such as ulcers or fungal and viral diseases. Some people get flat warts because
of poor hygiene. The wart is latent in the first four or five months of the disease and may spread to other parts of the body.
 Treatment of warts will be difficult and long because of the weak immune system against this disease. Wart treatment usually takes between 2 and 7 sessions and the person has to pay a high price for each session. Herpes infection is another problem that can occur in these conditions.
 Using waxing method is very painful, also some people are allergic to the wax or fabric used in this method, so it is better to stop working after the allergy occurs.
 One of the problems that many women have is the penetration of hair into the skin after waxing, which unfortunately there is no solution to this issue. If they want to continue this method, they should prepare themselves for folliculitis or hair sinking. Prepare. In some women, it can cause hives that require immediate medical attention. If the use of superior trimmer or hygienic powder does not have these dangerous side effects.
Waxing is also not recommended for people with diabetes, varicose veins or people with poor blood circulation because they are more likely to get infections than others.
 
"Waxing is very common in many countries today, while not knowing its side effects increases the risk of disease," said the French scientist urologist in a study
 He also said that the use of waxing increases the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.

Using any method that scratches the skin or any method that causes damage to the skin, even the size of the needle tip, removes the barrier resistant to the penetration of microorganisms, especially viruses such as HIV or AIDS. Secondly, no hair removal method permanently and permanently disappears. For example, with a laser, only 50% of the hair roots are removed, and the person has to repeat waxing.

With each waxing, the skin is more damaged and the body is more exposed to infectious diseases.
According to this university professor, waxing natural body hair is not recommended by doctors under any circumstances, and by doing so, a person is exposed to infectious diseases such as molluscum and genital warts. In addition to waxing, they cause skin irritation and the penetration of bacteria and viruses from the wound into  the body.
Since waxers do not have any information about waxing health requirements, their main goal is more profit, more customers and less cost.
 "Recently, doctors at the University of Washington have published a lot of information about this and warned people about the dangers of waxing," she said
As it has been said many times, prevention is always better than cure, let's not put ourselves in various dangers.
Therefore, the best way to remove excess hair is to use hygienic powders such as superior trimmer, trimmer and obligatory trimmer.
 

:Why lasers have side effects

In order for the laser beam to reach the hair follicle, it must pass through the surface layer of the skin called the epidermis or dermis. The hair follicle is located in the dermis layer, which is located below the epidermis. The epidermis, like onions and hair shafts, contains melanin. Therefore, the laser beam is absorbed by the epidermis on its way to the hair follicle. This is why it causes side effects such as burns, skin discoloration, sores and other similar side effects.
How much the laser has side effects depends on the characteristics of the device as well as the skin color of the applicant. Applicants with darker skin are more at risk for skin diseases because they have more melanin in their skin.
Other factors that can potentially increase the likelihood of laser hair removal complications include laser wavelength, radiation duration, radiation spot size, and improper use of skin cooling techniques.
 

:Side effects of laser hair removal

:Redness and inflammation

Laser hair removal damages hair follicles; So the body also reacts to it. For this reason, patients usually see redness and inflammation in the treated areas after the laser sessions
Inflammation is the skin's first reaction to a laser, and it usually takes two to three days for it to go away.
Scaling: Usually, people with dry skin will notice scaling on the lasered area after the laser hair removal session, which causes irritation and itching.
Skin discoloration: Observing skin discoloration after laser is one of the most common causes. For example, sometimes light skin turns dark and dark skin turns light, which is a worrying factor and their skin pigments may change.
Eye damage: Eye damage can really be one of the terrible side effects of laser hair removal because the laser energy is so high when it shines on the skin. And there is a risk of damage to the eyes due to laser exposure.
 

:Skin infection

Laser, like waxing, carries the risk of skin infections, so if there is herpes, pimples, or any other infection in the area where the laser is to be performed, laser sessions should be postponed until the skin is healed. Therefore, using shaving powder is easier and more convenient than all the accessories and methods for removing excess hair.
 

:Burns and blisters

The possibility of burns and blisters if the removal of excess hair in laser hair salons is done by inexperienced technicians who have not passed the necessary courses and incorrect settings of the laser device, cause terrible laser hair effects such as burns, scars and blisters  Creates.
 

:Scar

If the laser technician makes a mistake, the scar will remain on the skin for three days to a week after the laser session. Also, if the patient does not take proper care of the wound area, it is possible for the wound to remain for the rest of his life.
 

:Increase hair growth

Excessive hair growth in laser areas is a terrible side effect of laser hair removal.
 

:Changes in skin texture

Changes in skin texture if you have tanned your skin and then laser hair removal. There is a possibility of changes in skin texture, which is one of the terrible side effects
of laser hair removal.
 
 
Hair removal, also known as epilation or depilation, is the deliberate removal of body hair.
Hair typically grows all over the human body. Hair can become more visible during and after puberty and men tend to have thicker, more visible body hair than women. Both men and women have visible hair on the head, eyebrows, eyelashes, armpits, pubic region, arms, and legs; men and some women also have thicker hair on their face, abdomen, back and chest. Hair does not generally grow on the lips, the underside of the hands or feet or on certain areas of the genitalia.
Hair removal may be practised for cultural, aesthetic, hygienic, sexual, medical or religious reasons. Forms of hair removal have been practised in almost all human cultures since at least the Neolithic era. The methods used to remove hair have varied in different times and regions, but shaving is the most common method
In early history, hair was removed for cleanliness and fashion reasons. If the hair was cut and shaven it meant one was high class. In Ancient Egypt, besides being a fashion statement hair removal also served as a treatment for louse infestation, which was a prevalent issue in the region.[citation needed] Commonly, they would replace the removed hair with wigs, which were seen as easier to maintain and also fashionable. They would remove their hair using two methods: waxing and shaving. If they chose to wax they would use caramelized sugar, and if they wanted to shave, they would use an early form of the straight razor.[citation needed][self-published source?]
 
As time went on new techniques were found to remove hair such as Laser hair removal.
See also: Bikini waxing and History of removal of leg and underarm hair in the United States
Leg shaving by a female using a women's razor.
Each culture of human society developed social norms relating to the presence or absence of body hair, which has changed from one time to another. Different standards of human physical appearance and physical attractiveness can apply to females and males. People whose hair falls outside a culture's aesthetic standards may experience real or perceived social acceptance problems, psychological distress and social difficulty. For example, for women in several societies, exposure in public of body hair other than head hair, eyelashes and eyebrows is generally considered to be unaesthetic, unattractive and embarrassing.In Middle Eastern societies, removal of the female body hair has been considered proper personal hygiene, necessitated by local customs, for many centuries.
With the increased popularity in many countries of women wearing fashion clothing, sportswear and swimsuits during the 20th century and the consequential exposure of parts of the body on which hair is commonly found, there has been an increase in the practice of women removing visible body hair and hirsutism, such as on legs, underarms and elsewhere. In the United States, for example, the vast majority of women regularly shave their legs and armpits, while roughly half also shave hair that may become exposed around their bikini pelvic area (often termed the "bikini line").
Many men in Western cultures are accustomed to shave their facial hair, so only a minority of men reveal a beard, even though fast-growing facial hair must be shaved daily to achieve a clean-shaven or beardless appearance. Some men shave because they cannot genetically grow a "full" beard (generally defined as an even density from cheeks to neck), their beard color is genetically different from their scalp hair color, or because their facial hair grows in many directions, making a groomed or contoured appearance difficult to achieve. Some men shave because their beard growth is very excessive, unpleasant, or coarse, causing skin irritation. Some men grow a beard or moustache from time to time to change their appearance or visual style.
Some men tonsure or head shave, either as a religious practice, a fashion statement, or because they find a shaved head preferable to the appearance of male pattern baldness, or in order to attain enhanced cooling of the skull – particularly for people suffering from hyperhidrosis. A much smaller number of Western women also shave their heads, often as a fashion or political statement.
Some women also shave their heads for cultural or social reasons. In India, tradition required widows in some sections of the society to shave their heads as part of being ostracized (see Women in Hinduism § Widowhood and remarriage). The outlawed custom is still infrequently encountered mostly in rural areas. The society at large and the government are working to end the practice of ostracizing widows.In addition, it continues to be common practice for men to shave their heads prior to embarking on a pilgrimage.
People may also remove some or all of their pubic hair for aesthetic or sexual reasons. This custom can be motivated by reasons of potentially increased personal cleanliness or hygiene, heightened sensitivity during sexual activity, or the desire to take on a more exposed appearance and visual appeal, or to boost self-confidence when affected by excessive hair. Moreover, unwanted or excessive hair is often removed in preparatory situations by both sexes, in order to avoid socially awkward situations. For example, unwanted or excessive hair may be removed in preparation for a sexual encounter, or before visiting a public beach.
Though traditionally in Western culture women remove body hair and men do not, some women choose not to remove hair from their bodies, either as a nonnecessity or as an act of rejection against what they regard a social stigma, while some men remove or trim their body hair, a practice that is referred to in modern society as being a part of "manscaping" (a portmanteau expression for male-specific grooming).
Fashions
The term glabrousness also has been applied to human fashions,[citation needed] wherein some participate in culturally motivated hair removal by depilation (surface removal by shaving, dissolving), or epilation (removal of the entire hair, such as waxing or plucking).
Although the appearance of secondary hair on parts of the human body commonly occurs during puberty, and therefore, is often seen as a symbol of adulthood, removal of this and other hair may become fashionable in some cultures and subcultures. In many modern Western cultures, men currently are encouraged to shave their beards, and women are encouraged to remove hair growth in various areas. Commonly depilated areas for women are the underarms, legs, and pubic hair. Some individuals depilate the forearms. In recent years, bodily depilation in men has increased in popularity among some subcultures of Western males.
As with any cosmetic practice, the particulars of hair removal have changed over the years. Western female depilation has been significantly influenced by the evolution of clothing in the past century. Leg and underarm shaving became popular again[when?] in some parts of Western society with the advent of off-the-shoulder dresses, higher hemlines, and transparent stockings. The reduction of the minimum acceptable standards for bodily coverage over recent years has resulted in the exposure of more flesh, giving rise to more extensive hair removal in some cultures.[citation needed]
Encouragement by commercial interests may be seen in advertising. At present, this has resulted in the "Brazilian waxing" trend involving the partial or full removal of pubic hair, as the thongs worn on Brazilian beaches are too small to conceal very much of it.[citation needed] Indeed, a culture is now emerging around "intimate shaving" and other hair removal options geared specifically toward pubic hair. (cf. bikini waxing) What was once kept a personal secret now is discussed more openly, although still in carefully non-explicit language, as advertised in magazines and on television.[original research?]
For men, the practice of depilating the pubic area is commonly referred to as manscaping, even though technically this term is applicable to hair removal all over the body. Many men will try this at some point in their lives, especially for aesthetic reasons. Most men will use a razor to shave this area, however, as best practice, it is recommended to use a body trimmer to shorten the length of the hair before shaving it off completely.
Cultural and other influences
In ancient Egypt, depilation was commonly practiced, with pumice and razors used to shave.
In both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, the removal of body and pubic hair may have been practiced among both men and women. It is represented in some artistic depictions of male and female nudity,[citation needed] examples of which may be seen in red figure pottery and sculptures like the Kouros of Ancient Greece in which both men and women were depicted without body or pubic hair. Emperor Augustus was said, by Suetonius, to have applied "hot nutshells" on his legs as a form of depilation
The majority of Muslims believe that adult removal of pubic and axillary hair, as a hygienic measure, is religiously beneficial.
Baptized Sikhs are specifically instructed never to cut, shave, or otherwise remove any hair on their bodies; this is a major tenet of the Sikh faith (see Kesh).
In the clothes free movement, the term "smoothie" refers to an individual who has removed most of their hair. In the past, such practices were frowned upon and in some cases, members of clothes-free clubs were forbidden to remove their pubic hair: violators could face exclusion from the club. Enthusiasts grouped together and formed societies of their own that catered to that fashion and the fashion became more popular, with smoothies becoming a major percentage at some nudist venues. The first Smoothie club (TSC) was founded by a British couple in 1991. A Dutch branch was founded in 1993 in order to give the idea of a hairless body greater publicity in the Netherlands. Being a Smoothie is described by its supporters as exceptionally comfortable and liberating. The Smoothy-Club is also a branch of the World of the Nudest Nudist (WNN) and organizes nudist ship cruises and nudist events every month. Every year in spring the club organizes the international Smoothy days.
Other reasons
Religious reasons
Head-shaving (tonsure) is a part of some Buddhist, Christian, Muslim, Jain and Hindu traditions.Buddhist and Christian monks generally undergo some form of head-shaving or tonsure during their induction into monastic life;[citation needed] in Thailand monks shave their eyebrows as well.[citation needed] Brahmin children have their heads ritualistically shaved before beginning school.[citation needed] The Amish religion forbids men from having mustaches, as they are associated with the military.
In some parts of the Theravada Buddhist world, it is common practice to shave the heads of children. Weak or sickly children are often left with a small topknot of hair, to gauge their health and mark them for special treatment. When health improves, the lock is cut off.[citation needed]
In Judaism, there is no obligation to remove unwanted body hair or facial hair, unless the woman does so, she must shave whatever area she usually shaves in preparation for the Mikva, the ritual bath. Jewish men, are prohibited from using a razor to shave their beards or sideburns; and, by custom, neither men nor women may cut their hair or shave during a 30-day mourning period after the death of an immediate family member.
The Bahá'í Faith recommends against complete and long-term head-shaving outside of medical purposes. It is not currently practiced as a law, contingent upon a future decision by the Universal House of Justice, its highest governing body. Sikhs take an even stronger stance, opposing all forms of hair removal. One of the "Five Ks" of Sikhism is Kesh, meaning "hair". To Sikhs, the maintenance and management of long hair is a manifestation of one's piety.
 
Under Muslim law (Sharia), it is recommended to keep (the beard), and that which is the object of recommendation (foot, hand, back, and chest hair). A Muslim may trim or cut hair on the head. The hairs on the chest and the back may be removed. In the 9th century, the use of chemical depilatories for women was introduced by Ziryab in Al-Andalus. Muslims are legislated by the Sunnah to remove underarm hair and pubic hair on a weekly basis; not doing after a 40-day period is considered sinful in the Sharia.
Ancient Egyptian priests also shaved or depilated all over daily, so as to present a "pure" body before the images of the gods.
Medical reasons
Body hair on an unusually hirsute male
The body hair of surgical patients may be removed before surgery. In the past, this may have been achieved by shaving, but that is now considered counter-productive, so clippers or chemical depilatories may be used instead. The shaving of hair has sometimes been used in attempts to eradicate lice or to minimize body odor due to accumulation of odor-causing micro-organisms in hair. Some people with trichiasis find it medically necessary to remove ingrown eyelashes. Shaving against the grain can often cause ingrown hairs.
Many forms of cancer require chemotherapy, which often causes severe and irregular hair loss. For this reason, it is common for cancer patients to shave their heads even before starting chemotherapy.[citation needed]
In extreme situations, people may need to remove all body hair to prevent or combat infestation by lice, fleas and other parasites. Such a practice was used, for example, in Ancient Egypt.
In the military
A close-cropped or completely shaven haircut is common in military organizations. In field environments, soldiers are susceptible to infestation of lice, ticks, and fleas. In addition, short hair is also more difficult for an enemy to grab hold of in hand-to-hand combat, and short hair makes fitting military gas masks and helmets easier.
The practice serves to cultivate a group-oriented environment through the process of removing exterior signs of individuality.[citation needed] In many militaries head-shaving is mandatory for males when beginning their training. However, even after the initial recruitment phase, when head-shaving is no longer required, many soldiers maintain a completely or partially shaven hairstyle (such as a "high and tight", "flattop" or "buzz cut") for personal convenience and an exterior symbol of military solidarity.[citation needed] Head-shaving is not required and is often not allowed of females in military service, although they must have their hair cut or tied to regulation length.[citation needed]
Armies may also require males to maintain clean-shaven faces as facial hair can prevent an air-tight seal between the face and breathing or safety equipment, such as a pilot's oxygen mask, a diver's mask, or a soldier's gas mask.[citation needed]
In sport
It is a common practice for professional footballers (soccer) and road cyclists to remove leg hair for a number of reasons. In the case of a crash or tackle, the absence of the leg hair means the injuries (usually road rash or scarring) can be cleaned up more efficiently, and treatment is not impeded. Professional cyclists, as well as professional footballers, also receive regular leg massages, and the absence of hair reduces the friction and increases their comfort and effectiveness.[citation needed]
It is also common for competitive swimmers to shave the hair off their legs, arms, and torsos, to reduce drag and provide a heightened "feel" for the water by removing the exterior layer of skin along with the body hair.Some professional soccer players also shave their legs. One of the reasons is that they are required to wear shin guards and in case of a skin rash the affected area can be treated more efficiently.
As punishment
In some situations, people's hair is shaved as a punishment or a form of humiliation. After World War II, head-shaving was a common punishment in France, the Netherlands, and Norway for women who had collaborated with the Nazis during the occupation, and, in particular, for women who had sexual relations with an occupying soldier.
In the United States, during the Vietnam War, conservative students would sometimes attack student radicals or "hippies" by shaving beards or cutting long hair. One notorious incident occurred at Stanford University, when unruly fraternity members grabbed Resistance founder (and student-body president) David Harris, cut off his long hair, and shaved his beard.
During European witch-hunts of the Medieval and Early Modern periods, alleged witches were stripped naked and their entire body shaved to discover the so-called witches' marks. The discovery of witches' marks was then used as evidence in trials.[citation needed]
Head shaving during present times is also used as a form of payment for challenges or dares lost involving the removal of all body hair.
Inmates have their head shaved upon entry at certain prisons.
Forms of hair removal
Depilation is the removal of the part of the hair above the surface of the skin. The most common form of depilation is shaving or trimming. Another option is the use of chemical depilatories, which work by breaking the disulfide bonds that link the protein chains that give hair its strength.
Epilation is the removal of the entire hair, including the part below the skin. Methods include waxing, sugaring, epilators, lasers, threading, intense pulsed light or electrology. Hair is also sometimes removed by plucking with tweezers.
Hair removal methods
Many products in the market have proven fraudulent. Many other products exaggerate the results or ease of use.
Depilation methods
"Depilation", or temporary removal of hair to the level of the skin, lasts several hours to several days and can be achieved by
Shaving or trimming (manually or with electric shavers)
Depilatories (creams or "shaving powders" which chemically dissolve hair)
Friction (rough surfaces used to buff away hair)
Epilation methods
"Epilation", or removal of the entire hair from the root, lasts several days to several weeks and may be achieved by
Tweezing (hairs are tweezed, or pulled out, with tweezers or with fingers)
Waxing (a hot or cold layer is applied and then removed with porous strips)
Sugaring (hair is removed by applying a sticky paste to the skin in the direction of hair growth and then peeling off with a porous strip)
File:Threading in Wenchang.ogv
Threading in Wenchang, Hainan, China
Threading (also called fatlah or khite in Arabic, or band in Persian) in which a twisted thread catches hairs as it is rolled across the skin
Epilators (mechanical devices that rapidly grasp hairs and pull them out).
Drugs that directly attack hair growth or inhibit the development of new hair cells. Hair growth will become less and less until it finally stops; normal depilation/epilation will be performed until that time. Hair growth will return to normal if use of product is discontinued.Products include the following:
The pharmaceutical drug Vaniqa, with the active ingredient eflornithine hydrochloride, inhibits the enzyme ornithine decarboxylase, preventing new hair cells from producing putrescine for stabilizing their DNA.
Antiandrogens, including spironolactone, cyproterone acetate, flutamide, bicalutamide, and finasteride, can be used to reduce or eliminate unwanted body hair, such as in the treatment of hirsutism.[27][28][29][30] Although effective for reducing body hair, antiandrogens have little effect on facial hair. However, slight effectiveness may be observed, such as some reduction in density/coverage and slower growth.Antiandrogens will also prevent further development of facial hair, despite only minimally affecting that which is already there. With the exception of 5α-reductase inhibitors such as finasteride and dutasteride, antiandrogens are contraindicated in men due to the risk of feminizing side effects such as gynecomastia as well as other adverse reactions (e.g., infertility), and are generally only used in women for cosmetic/hair-reduction purposes.
Permanent hair removal
 
For over 130 years[when?], electrology has been in use in the United States. It is approved by the FDA. This technique permanently destroys germ cells[citation needed] responsible for hair growth by way of insertion of a fine probe in the hair follicle and the application of a current adjusted to each hair type and treatment area.[citation needed] Electrology is the only permanent hair removal method recognized by the FDA. 
Permanent hair reduction
Laser hair removal (lasers and laser diodes): Laser hair removal technology became widespread in the US and many other countries from the 1990s onwards. It has been approved in the United States by the FDA since 1997. With this technology, light is directed at the hair and is absorbed by dark pigment, resulting in the destruction of the hair follicle. This hair removal method sometimes becomes permanent after several sessions. The number of sessions needed depends upon the amount and type of hair being removed. Equipment for performing laser hair removal at home has become available in recent years.
Intense pulsed light (IPL)
Diode epilation (high energy LEDs but not laser diodes)
Clinical comparisons of effectiveness
A 2006 review article in the journal "Lasers in Medical Science" compared intense pulsed light (IPL) and both alexandrite and diode lasers. The review found no statistical difference in effectiveness, but a higher incidence of side effects with diode laser-based treatment. Hair reduction after 6 months was reported as 68.75% for alexandrite lasers, 71.71% for diode lasers, and 66.96% for IPL. Side effects were reported as 9.5% for alexandrite lasers, 28.9% for diode lasers, and 15.3% for IPL. All side effects were found to be temporary and even pigmentation changes returned to normal within 6 months.
A 2006 meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials found that alexandrite and dioded lasers caused 50% hair reduction for up to 6 months, while there was no evidence of hair reduction from intense pulsed light, neodymium-YAG or ruby lasers.
Experimental or banned methods
Photodynamic therapy for hair removal (experimental)
X-ray hair removal is an efficient, and usually permanent, hair removal method, but also causes severe health problems, occasional disfigurement, and even death.[38] It is illegal in the United States.
Doubtful methods
Many methods have been proposed or sold over the years without published clinical proof they can work as claimed.
Electric tweezers
Transdermal electrolysis
Transcutaneous hair removal
Photoepilators
Microwave hair removal
Foods and dietary supplements
Non-prescription topical preparations (also called "hair inhibitors", "hair retardants", or "hair growth inhibitors")
Advantages and disadvantages
There are several disadvantages to many of these hair removal methods.
Hair removal can cause some issues: skin inflammation, minor burns, lesions, scarring, ingrown hairs, bumps, and infected hair follicles.
Some removal methods are not permanent, can cause medical problems and permanent damage, or have very high costs. Some of these methods are still in the testing phase and have not been clinically proven.
One issue that can be considered an advantage or a disadvantage depending upon an individual's viewpoint, is that removing hair has the effect of removing information about the individual's hair growth patterns due to genetic predisposition, illness, androgen levels (such as from pubertal hormonal imbalances or drug side effects), and/or gender status.
 
In the hair follicle, stem cells reside in a discrete microenvironment called the bulge, located at the base of the part of the follicle that is established during morphogenesis but does not degenerate during the hair cycle. The bulge contains multipotent stem cells that can be recruited during wound healing to help the repair of the epidermis. 
  
 

  

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